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Violence Against Women The Research Consortium on Gender-based Violence is a multidisciplinary group of faculty at Michigan State University committed to engaging in community-based, collaborative research and evaluation that is highly rigorous while also having significant practice and policy implications at local, state, national and international levels.
Cognitive Control Neurolab Our research focuses on the cognitive processes necessary to achieve one's goals in a constantly changing environment. In our research, we emphasize two cognitive abilities that allow us to successfully perform many everyday tasks - working memory and task switching. Through the use of converging methodologies such as fMRI, neuropsychological, and behavioral techniques, we are able to investigate these abilities in novel ways. Essentially, we emphasize both words in the term "cognitive neuroscience"; that is we attempt to refine theories of working memory and task switching in cognitive psychology by determining whether its claims are supported by models of brain functioning. In the same way, we test predictions about the functions of neural regions based on theories provided by cognitive psychology.
The Wade Lab We seek to understand how structural and biochemical changes within the central nervous system regulate behavior. One effective method for investigating this topic is the exploitation of naturally occurring differences in behaviors. We study courtship and copulatory displays because they are stereotyped, sexually differentiated, and in many species displayed seasonally. Therefore, we can evaluate mechanisms regulating behaviors within a sex in and out of the breeding season, as well as between the two sexes. We focus on factors involved both in organizing critical regions of the brain, spinal cord and muscles during development, as well as those that confer varying levels of plasticity in adulthood. Members of my lab are working with two model systems, zebra finches and green anole lizards. These species have the potential to not only increase understanding of the evolution of the processes regulating behavioral differences, which have commonly been studied in mammals, but also to address the ubiquity of the mechanisms employed in diverse situations.
The Transfer of Training to the Job: The Concept and Measurement of Use Dr. J. Kevin Ford, Dr. Steve Yelon, and Sarena Bhatia
Ford, Baldwin and Huang (2010) conducted a meta-analysis of training transfer research. They noted that transfer has been measured as both the use of a trained knowledge or skill on the job (behaviors) and the effectiveness of the trainee in applying the knowledge and skill. However, they noted a lack of development of a systematic taxonomy of “use” or actions taken by trainees once back on the job. While almost all of the studies attempted to answer questions about generalization from training to the job, the questions have been confined to the participants’’ direct application to a job task. There is a need for an expanded definition of use in order to enhance understanding of possible uses on the job outside of direct application. This project aims to develop a taxonomy of use on the job and develop measures of use to more comprehensively evaluate training transfer and to understand the behavioral effects of training.
Knowledge in Development Lab Our lab researches how children think about information in the world around them and how children seek out and evaluate knowledge throughout their development. We are interested in questions such as: (How do children decide where to look for answers?), (What kinds of information do children share with other people?), (How do children know when an answer is satisfactory?)
Time to Expertise Dr. J. Kevin Ford, Jessica Santoro, and Morgan Showler
This project is looking into how long it takes individuals at work to develop deep specialization in core jobs such as IT, electrical engineering, and maintenance. While many popular press publications have stated that it takes 10,000 hours of experience to become an expert, we are looking at ways to measure or quantify time to proficiency and time to expertise. We are also focused on factors that can accelerate development towards expertise. We are focused on developing a frameworks for understanding the road to expertise and creating metrics to operationalize expertise atvarious career stages
The Breedlove Jordan Lab We are interested in hormonal modulation of the developing and adult nervous system that leads to changes in behavior. Steroid hormones such as testosterone can alter the survival and differentiation of glia, neurons and target tissues such as muscle. Using a range of rodent species, we try to understand which cells directly respond to the hormone, which genes are regulated in those cells, and how the structure and function of the cell changes as a consequence of that gene regulation.
Michigan State University Twin Registry In sum, the MSUTR research will allow for better understanding of the environmental, genetic and neurobiological factors that influence psychological functioning and behavior. Our research will aid in the identification of the origins of internalizing and externalizing symptoms, ultimately informing treatment and prevention efforts.
The Autism Lab In typical development, social-communication skills emerge in a predictable pattern, with nonverbal skills, such as imitation and joint attention, preceding language development and theory of mind. In autism, these early, non-verbal social-communication skills are significantly impaired. Children with autism also experience delayed or deviant language and social-emotional development. We are interested in understanding the role that early non-verbal, social-communication deficits play in development of later emerging language and social impairments.
MSU Rhythms Research Group The Rhythms Research Group at Michigan State University is a collection of Neuroscientists who share research interests, lab equipment and techniques. Members of the group benefit from their frequent interations and close collaborations. Our research focuses on the processes and mechanisms of biological rhythms of mammals.
The Influences of Social Context on Multiple-Goal Regulation Over Time SinHui Chong and Dr. Rick DeShon
Given the prevalence of teams as the organizing unit of work in organizations, employees must balance the simultaneous pursuit of both individual and team goals. Existing research clearly demonstrates that, when given two distinct but equivalent goals, individuals differentially allocate resources toward the task with the highest performance-goal discrepancy (e.g., Schmidt & DeShon, 2007). This finding is consistent with a control theory representation of multiple goal pursuit. However, team goals are somewhat unique in that they involve both task and social components (Marks, Mathieu, & Zaccaro, 2001), yet the role of social context has not received attention in the multiple-goal pursuit paradigm. Our research uses an experimental design to investigate whether the social context presented by a team goal will amplify the salience of the performance—goal discrepancy of the team goal as compared to the individual goal.
Consortium for Multicultural Psychology Research PI: Dr. Frederick Leong
Our primary mission is to generate and apply psychological science to increase our understanding of multicultural issues in both domestic and international contexts.
Lonstein Lab We are interested in the neural and hormonal regulation of maternal behaviors and changes in emotional regulation during lactation, as well as the regulation of sex differences in social behaviors and the brain in monogamous voles.
Sakai Lab Our lab is interested in the factors that led to the evolution of large brains. We are evaluating if brain size varies with such factors as sociality, ecological complexity and life style variables among carnivores.
Personal Agency and Knowledge Integration Networks Dr. John Schaubroeck and Dia Chatterjee
This project aims to develop an annotated bibliography of the literature on personal agency and knowledge sharing, knowledge integration, and innovation.
The Sisk Lab The common theme of research projects in the Sisk Lab is the influence of steroid hormones on nervous system structure and function. Gonadal steroids, such as testosterone, estrogen, and progesterone, profoundly affect neuronal activity, connectivity within neural circuits, and behavior at different stages of life, including early neural development, puberty, and in adulthood. Neural and behavioral responses to steroid hormones vary with developmental stage. Our work focuses on the role of pubertal hormones in shaping development of the adolescent brain and maturation of adult behaviors, and it contributes to an understanding of the ways and extent to which the capacity for functional plasticity within the nervous system changes across the lifespan. Research in the Sisk Lab is a combination of neuroendocrinology, developmental neurobiology, and behavioral neuroscience. We employ a variety of experimental techniques, ranging from analysis of gene expression to analysis of behavior.
Intergroup Relations Lab Research in the lab adopts an evolutionary perspective on cognition, attitudes and behavior relevant to intra and inter-group phenomena. Current projects explore the links among intergroup bias, coalitional and sexual aggression, and moral judgment. Methods include experiments that employ questionnaires, physiological measurement, preferences for certain visual stimuli, and reactions to 3-D images in immersive, virtual environments (or "virtual reality").
Neuroimaging of Perception and Attention Laboratory How do we perceive the visual world--a world full of different types of sensory stimulation-- brightness, color, movement, shapes, etc? How do we seletively attend to certain things while ingore other things? How does the seletive processing of information guide action and affect memory? These are some of the questions that we are investigating in our laboratory. We study the brain mechanisms of perception and attention using a combination of human psychophysics and funtional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Our ultimate goal is to understand how we attend and how attention influences other cognitive functions. Our approach is to relate behavioral performance to brain activity in order to gain insight into the fundamental mechanisms of perception and attention.
Laboratory for Cognitive and Decision Sciences Using cognitive models to understand causes of risky behavior / Experience-based decision making / Cognitive Architecture of judgment and decision making
MSU Clinical Neuroscience Lab The goal of our lab is to undestand the cognitive and biological mechanisms of psychotic disorders, with a focus on schizophrenia. We are particularly interested in how alterations in brain function are related to cognitive and social difficulties, psychotic symptoms (like hallucinations and delusions) and more generally to the subjective experience of individuals who have been diagnosed with psychotic disorders. In our group, we use a range of methods to answer these questions, including functional MRI, diffusion tensor MRI, magnetic responsance spectroscopy, eye tracking, and experimental psychology paradigms. A deeper understanding of symptoms and their mechanisms hold the promise to lead to more targeted and effective behavioral and pharmacological treatment options.
Perception & Attention Lab My lab investigates how attention alters the way visual information is represented. Some of our research suggests that conscious awareness of visual scenes is very limited, containing only the 3 to 5 items which are the current focus of attention. Further, once attention leaves an object it is no longer consciously represented. This close link between attention and conscious experience highlights the importance of allocating attentional resources efficiently to the “appropriate” parts of a visual scene.
MSU Mother Infant Study The study is focused on understanding the influences of domestic violence on the lives of women and children. Half of our original sample experienced some level of abuse from their partners (from mild to severe) and half served as the control group. Over time, however, some women have moved into and some out of abusive relationships. We are interested in what creates conditions of risk and resilience for these women and children. We also study how women's parenting and mental health as well as the social and psychological adjustment of their children are affected by various levels of hardship posed by domestic violence and other life circumstances.
Brascamp Lab Our research focuses on the neural processes of interpretation and selection that allow sensation (the retinas detecting light) to turn into conscious visual perception (seeing). We approach this topic using a diverse array of techniques from psychology and neuroscience, including psychophysics, brain imaging (fMRI), computational modeling, eye tracking and brain stimulation (TMS).
Arguello Lab Projects People Contact How do complex brain circuits interact to potentiate drug relapse?
Authoritarian leadership and perceived insider status Dr. John Schaubroek, Yimo Shen, and Sinhui Chong
Clinical Psychophysiology Lab Our mission is to utilize experimental, psychophysiological methods to understand emotion and cognition in healthy individuals and to uncover emotional and cognitive abnormalities in anxious and depressed individuals.
Adaptation to the transition to leadership roles Dr. John Schaubroeck, Anita Keller and Catherine LeBlanc
Dynamics of Training Transfer and Developing Expertise Dr. J. Kevin Ford and Josh Prasad
Thirty years ago Baldwin and Ford (1988) summarize the existing research on training transfer and provide an agenda for moving forward. The current work integrates research on training transfer since that review and develops a new agenda for future research..
Motivation and Social Cognition Lab In our laboratory, we study motivation science across a variety of domains (health behaviors, academic achievement, attitude change, intergroup behavior, etc.). A primary focus is to understand the general processes of self-regulation, which means to uncover consistencies across both domains and levels of psychology. We also take a pragmatic, functionalist philosophical position, with an emphasis on the ecology of the person in understanding behavior and cognition.
Moving to a Learning Organization in the Wildlife Division Dr. J. Kevin Ford, Dr. Shawn Riley, Catherine Ott-Holland, and Stanton Mak
The study seeks to develop and implement a process of evaluation of the State of Michigan Wildlife Division strategic plan. The objectives of this study are to: (1) develop an evaluation process the defines metrics of performance relevant to becoming a learning organization; (2) determine factors affecting trust and credibility of the Division among segments of priority stakeholders; and (3) determine limiting factors to achieving increase quality and quantity of collaborative governance regarding wildlife management in Michigan Currently we are conducting a meta-analysis of inter-organizational trust. The project represents as collaborative effort between the Department of Fisheries and Wildlife and the Department of Psychology.
Sleep and Learning Lab The Sleep and Learning Lab investigates the acquisition and consolidation of complex skills and episodic memory. A primary focus of the lab is on memory consolidation, the processing of memory after initial acquisition. This processing can serve to change memory, often strengthening and stabilizing memory, and increasing resistance to forgetting. We approach this question from several different perspectives, with a special emphasis on the role of sleep in consolidating memory. While we do not understand much about the biological and psychological functions of sleep, there is growing evidence that sleep plays a role in the process of memory consolidation. The lab uses basic behavioral paradigms as well as implementing polysomnography during sleep and using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI).
Timing, Attention & Perception Laboratory Work in the Timing, Attention, and Perception (TAP) Lab focuses on understanding how humans and other animals perceive the timing of events (e.g., duration, tempo, and rhythm) and use this information to (a) coordinate perception and action, (b) direct attention, and (c) in the case of humans, facilitate speech and language processing. We use a range of methodologies, including behavioral methods with children and adults, mathematical modeling, targeted lesions and pharmacological manipulations in animal models, and functional magnetic resonance imaging. With respect to language, TAP lab research focuses on both the pitch and time (prosodic) characteristics of spoken language and their role in speech perception, word segmentation, and lexical processing. In this regard, we are particularly interested in commonalities in the neural and cognitive underpinnings of music and language.
Expertise Lab The Expertise Lab focuses on the origins and underpinnings of skill in domains such as music, games, sports, and professions. Research in the Expertise Lab uses state-of-the-art techniques to identify factors that explain differences across people in the attainment of high-level skill in these domains. If you are interested in learning more, please visit our website at www.scienceofexpertise.com
Mother and Babies Study Does stress during pregnancy affect women's and infant's physical and emotional health? Our research examines whether relationship conflict is a stressor that works like other stressors by affecting the body's stress system and emotional responses to stress. We are recruiting 160 women and their one-year old children. The women will include those with and without relationship conflict during pregnancy and those with and without relationship conflict during the first year of the child's life. Looking at differences among these women and children will allow us to understand how relationship conflict affects women and children at different times in their lives.
SaferSex Research The mission of our lab is to contribute to basic understanding of how to avert the HIV epidemic in the United States. The research we conduct focuses on adolescent and emerging adults at high risk of exposure to HIV and other sexually transmitted infections and on community-based efforts to prevent HIV among youth and young adults. Our lab has a particular focus on African American and sexual minority youth populations and efforts to protect their health and foster their well being. At the individual level, we seek to understand factors that impact on young people's ability to remain healthy. At the program level, we seek to identify programs and practices that help young people reduce their risk of exposure to HIV. At the organizational level, we seek to improve understanding of how HIV prevention programs are implemented in community settings, learn what organizational and environmental contingencies govern the application of evidence-based programs to community-based service provision, and examine the long-term consequences of implementing evidence-based programs and practices in community settings.
LMX and counterproductive behavior Dr. John Schaubroeck and Sinhui Chong
Occupational stigma, leadership, and disengagement Dr. John Schaubroeck, Jennifer Lai, Rico Lam, and Anna Lennard
Leader role occupancy and well being Dr. John Schaubroeck, Wondon Li, Jialin Xie, and Anita Keller
Extending I-O to Novel Work Contexts Dr. Alice Brawley
Broadly speaking, projects in this area extend traditional I-O psychology topics to novel or understudied work settings and worker populations. Projects currently in progress include qualitative and quantitative studies of performance management and turnover in very small family businesses, as well as projects examining job analysis and stressor-strain-outcome models as they apply to gig workers. The goal of these projects is to enhance the generalizability of I-O psychology to new and less commonly-studied work domains.
Skill Retention Dr. Mark Teachout, Dr. J. Kevin Ford, and Robert Gray
This project with the U.S. Army. The objective of the current research is to develop skill retention curves, for collective Army tasks, that represent how proficiency decays on a given task over a period of 180 days following initial training to proficiency, in the absence of refresher training.
The Diversity Research Group Dr. Ann Marie Ryan, Abdifatah A. Ali, Danielle D. King, Dia Chatterjee, Courtney Bryant, Danielle Gardner
On a broad level, we study diversity in the workplace. Specifically, we seek to understand how diversity interacts with other elements of the workplace, how and why members of various social identities manage their identity in a work context, the conditions under which certain identity management strategies are adopted, and the consequences of adopting such strategies. Our studies also focus on how diverse individuals experience discrimination in their attempts to enter and remain within the workforce and how this discrimination can be reduced. Currently, a number of our projects focus on the identity management strategies of job seekers of potentially stigmatized groups to answer questions such as: What strategies do individuals employ when they are concerned about facing discrimination in employment contexts? How do these strategies impact their job seeking behaviors? How do these strategies affect the effectiveness of their job search and employment outcomes? How can organizations design hiring processes to reduce the potential for unconscious bias and discrimination? We have completed or have in progress studies focusing on individuals from a diversity of backgrounds: female job applicants for male-dominated jobs, religious minorities (women who wear the hijab, Atheists) and majorities (Christian employees), individuals with physical and psychological disabilities, younger and older job-seekers, LGB employees, and others.
Michigan State University Adolescent Project (MSUAP) The Michigan State University Adolescent Project (in collaboration with Ingham County Circuit Court) has provided quality advocacy services to youth in Ingham County since 1976. Michigan State University trains undergraduate students as advocates to provide a strength-based intervention to youth who are referred by the Ingham County Circuit Court. The primary goal of MSUAP is to help youth avoid future involvement with the juvenile justice system. Advocates design intervention programs tailored to each youth's strengths, skills/abilities and unmet needs. The goals are accomplished by providing the youth with an oppurtunity to gain access to community resources, partake in civic engagement, etc.
Cross-culture Family and Work Behavior Study Dr. Frederick Leong, Dr. Ann Marie Ryan, JoAnn Lin, Dr. Hannah Nguyen, and Saba Butt
Scholars have long studied cultural differences on traits such as familism, collectivism-individualism, traditionality, and interpersonal relatedness. However, very few studies have linked these cultural differences in traits to other outcomes. This study develops a comprehensive model to examine how these traits might predict several individual and interpersonal outcomes such as self construal, interdependence with family, family conflict, perceptions on leadership, etc, and how these links vary across cultures. Currently, data have been or will be collected via questionnaires from several locations in US and Asia. Findings from this study would enhance theoretical understanding on cultural differences in the relationships between individual traits, and family and work behavior. They could also provide practical insights into how to better manage employees from different cultures
Diversified Portfolio Model of Adaptability Dr. Frederick T.L. Leong, Dr. Siddharth Chandra and Ross Walker
We have developed a new theoretical model called the Diversified Portfolio Model (DPM) of Adaptability (American Psychologist, in press). In the 1950s Markowitz had developed the financial portfolio model by demonstrating that investors could optimize the ratio of risk and return on their portfolios through risk diversification. Our DPM integrates attractive features of a variety of models of adaptability, including Linville’’s Self-complexity Model, the Risk and Resilience Model, and Bandura’’s Social Cognitive Theory. The DPM draws on the concept of portfolio diversification, positing that diversified investment in multiple life experiences, life roles, and relationships promotes positive adaptation to life’’s challenges. The DPM provides a new integrative model of adaptability across the biopsychosocial levels of functioning. More importantly, the DPM addresses a gap in the literature by illuminating the antecedents of adaptive processes studied in a broad array of psychological models. We are embarking on a program of research to test the propositions generated by this model by examining its validity and utility in increasing adaptability across multiple domains.
ARI Computational Modeling & Team Simulation Lab Dr. Steve W. J. Kozlowski, Dr. Georgia T. Chao, Dr. Michael Braun, Dr. James Grand, Dr. Goran Kuljanin, & Stanton Mak
This research is building on our prior work that developed a computational model (CM) / agent-based simulation (ABS) coupled with a synthetic team task simulation to examine how collective team-level knowledge emerges from the interaction of individual experts as they each acquire problem-relevant knowledge, share it, and then leverage it to make a series of decisions (funded by ONR). We are now extending our work to develop a much more flexible CM architecture to study team leadership structures, team processes (e.g., cohesion, cognition, performance), and team adaptability to internal and external shocks. The agent teams will allow us to conduct "virtual experiments" to identify promising ways to improve team leadership, processes, and effectiveness.
International Career Adaptability Project Dr. Frederick T.L. Leong. Dr. Christopher Nye, Joshua Prasad, and Danielle Gardner
In 2008, psychologists from 15 different countries met in Berlin at the International Congress of Psychology to start work on the International Career Adaptability Project. As an extension of Donald Supera’‘s model, the project’’s aim was to create a model and measure for how individuals approach their careers during adulthood. The model consist of 4 dimensions: (a) becoming concerned about the vocational future, (b) taking control of trying to prepare for one’’s vocational future, (c) displaying curiosity by exploring possible selves and future scenarios, and (d) strengthening the confidence to pursue one’’s aspirations. Career adaptability denotes an individual’’s readiness and resources for handling current and anticipated tasks, transitions, and traumas in their occupational roles that, to some degree large or small, alter their social integration. We are currently working to validate the Career Adapt-abilities Inventory (CAI) as well as examining correlates of career adaptability such as subjective well-being, job satisfaction, work engagement, and other adaptability measures.
Allman T.I:M.E. lab Research in the T.I:M.E. lab includes behavioral psychophysical assessments of timing and time perception, and cognitive assessments of psychological time, temporality and mental time travel. Research focuses on how this develops in infancy through childhood to adulthood, and differences in individuals with psychiatric, behavioral and developmental disorders (particularly autism).
Gender Based Violence The Research Consortium on Gender-based Violence is a multidisciplinary group of faculty at Michigan State University committed to engaging in community-based, collaborative research and evaluation that is highly rigorous while also having significant practice and policy implications at local, state, national and international levels.
Moral Crediting and Workplace Behavior Dr. Chu-Hsiang Chang, Dr. Russell Johnson, Dr. John Schaubroeck, Catherine Ott-Holland
Previous work by Monin and Miller (2001) and others suggests that individuals “credit” themselves for engaging in moral behaviors. Conversely, engaging in selfish or unethical behaviors may cause individuals to notice a deficit in their moral credentials, leading to subsequent behaviors that have positive moral connotations. This “moral crediting” process may explain why altruistic behaviors often immediately follow self-centered behaviors, and vice versa. We are seeking to extend this framework to extra-role behaviors in the workplace. In our initial study, we established that examples of organizational citizenship behaviors (OCBs) have the properties of crediting behaviors (moral, altruistic, etc.) while examples of counterproductive work behaviors (CWBs) have the properties of credit spending behaviors (unethical, selfish, etc.) We are currently conducting a lab study that explores whether recalling past OCBs or CWBs affects the likelihood of engaging in a subsequent altruistic behavior.
The NASA Lab - Studying Processes and Effectiveness in Lab, Field, and Astronaut Analog Teams Dr. Steve W. J. Kozlowski, Dr. Chu-Hsiang (Daisy) Chang, Jessica Santoro Webb, Rory Dixon, Jeff Olenick, Simon Golden, Mike Morrison, Chris Dishop, & Joe Smith
The primary focus of our research is on understanding and assessing the dynamics of team functioning. The research is designed to improve team effectiveness for long duration space crews (funded by NASA, $1.2M; $110K; $1.2M; $100K). The research has multiple studies in progress organized around two primary foci. First, we are conducting several data collections of "analog" teams operating in isolated, confined, and extreme environments (i.e., the Antarctic and Mars mission simulations). These studies provide benchmark data on the dynamics of team functioning. Second, we are developing social interaction "badges" to capture team interaction dynamics in real time. Long term, the goal is to provide real time assessments of team functioning and to aid the team as needed to maintain effectiveness
Organizational Survey Item Project Rick DeShon & Christopher Dishop
Apply text processing and multiple machine learning techniques to identify the concept space present in a given set of survey items.
Veenema Lab Our lab explores the neural basis of social behavior. Specifically, our research focuses on understanding the roles of the neuropeptides vasopressin and oxytocin (as well as opioids and orexin) in regulating social behavior (such as social play, social novelty-seeking, social recognition, social investigation, and sociosexual motivation) and how this is modulated by sex, age, and early life stress. We use rats as model organisms and employ a combination of behavioral, molecular, biochemical, and pharmacological techniques to address our research questions.
Emergency Medical Teams Research Group Emergency Medical Teams: Dr. Steve W. J. Kozlowski, Dr. Georgia T. Chao & Dr. Rosemarie Fernandez (University of Washington), Dr. James A. Grand (University of Maryland), Simon Golden, Jessica Santoro Webb, & Rory Dixon
The Emergency Medical Teams research group is focused on bringing the science of team effectiveness to emergency medicine. Our team has developed an infrastructure capable of creating, manipulating, and assessing “synthetic” experiences. To this end, we have designed and tested event-based scenarios, behavioral measures, and data capturing techniques to utilize a high-fidelity patient simulator as an experimental research platform to study team processes and effectiveness. Our current research is focused on developing and evaluating team leader training. The research is funded by the Agency for Health Research Quality (AHRQ, $1M; another AHRQ $1M is starting in 2015)
Approach and Avoidance in Work Domains Dr. Russell Johnson, Dr. Chu-Hsiang Chang
We extended research on approach and avoidance motivations by investigating (a) motives in work organizations, (b) interactions among approach and avoidance motives, and (c) effects at implicit levels. Results of Studies 1-4 demonstrated that approach and avoidance work motives are markers of more general approach and avoidance temperaments, distinct from other personality traits (e.g., conscientiousness and self-esteem) and cognitive ability, and stable over time. Approach and avoidance motives predicted work-based mastery and performance goals. In Study 5 we found that motives predicted job satisfaction, organizational commitment, perceptions of support, and work-related strain at a later time. In addition, we observed significant approach by avoidance interactions. In Study 6 we found that approach and avoidance motives, and interactions between them, predicted task performance, citizenship and counterproductive behavior, and turnover cognitions at a later time. In the final study, we replicated the main and interactive effects of motives on behavior using an indirect measure that captures motives at implicit levels.
Student Behavior and Experience Inventory (SBEI) A large number of today's colleges and universities define their missions much more broadly than before. As a result, their criteria for successful development of their student bodies cannot be adequately captured with traditional measures (e.g., GPA, graduation rate).

Based on information contained in mission statements of higher education institutions, research literature, interviews with college staff, and surveys of college graduate employers, we found support for a 12 dimension taxonomy [A1] of student performance. Included are aspects of educational development reflecting traditional academic notions (e.g., knowledge, continuous learning) as well as broader aspects related to the social and psychological development in college students (e.g., multicultural tolerance, leadership, perseverance, ethics)
The Community Advocacy Project The Community Advocacy Project, an evidence-based program designed to help women survivors of intimate partner abuse re-gain control of their lives. This project, which is strengths-based and survivor-centered, can be incorporated into many domestic violence programs fairly easily and inexpensively. It has been shown to decrease women’s risk of re-abuse, and to increase their quality of life, level of social support, and ability to obtain the community resources they need.
MSU Child Emotions Lab Join us in learning about children's emotional life, including temperamental differences in emotional experience, and how these are related to the family environment and parents' personality and emotions.
Ethical leadership, peer ethical behavior, and knowledge sharing Dr. John Schaubroeck and Jingjing Ma

Research Publications    
2011Landau, M. J., Kosloff, S., & Schmeichel, B. (2011). Imbuing everyday actions with meaning in response to existential threat. Self and Identity, 10, 64-76.
2010Martens, A., Kosloff, S., & Jackson, L. E., (2010). Evidence that initial obedient killing fuels subsequent volitional killing beyond effects of practice. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 1¸ 268-273.
2010Kosloff, S., Greenberg, J., Schmader, T., Dechesne, M., & Weise, D. (2010). Smearing the Opposition: Implicit and Explicit Stigmatization of the 2008 U.S. Presidential Candidates and the Current U.S. President. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 139, 383-398.
2010Kosloff, S., Greenberg, J., Sullivan, D., & Weise, D. (2010). Of trophies and pillars: Exploring the terror management functions of short-term and long-term relationship partners. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 36, 1037-1051.
2010Kosloff, S., Greenberg, J., Weise, D., & Solomon, S. (2010). Mortality salience and political preferences: The roles of charisma and political orientation. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 46, 139-145.
2009Kosloff, S. & Greenberg, J. (2009). Pearls in the desert: Death reminders provoke immediate derogation of extrinsic goals, but delayed inflation. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45, 197-203.
2009Kosloff, S., Landau, M. J., Weise, D., & Greenberg, J. (2009). Eight years in the wake of 9/11: A terror management analysis of the psychological repercussions of the 9/11 terrorist attacks. In M. J. Morgan (Ed.), The Impact of 9/11 on Psychology and Education (pp. 7-22). New York: Palgrave MacMillan.
2008Kosloff, S., Landau, M. J., Sullivan, D., & Greenberg, J. (2008). A terror management perspective on the quiet and the loud ego: Implications of ego volume control for personal and social well-being. In H. A. Wayment & J. Bauer (Eds.). Transcending self-interest: Psychological explorations of the quiet ego (pp. 33-42). Washington, D.C.: APA Press.