Whether you conduct research with animals or humans, there are guidelines that direct your treatment of your research participants. Some of the ethical aspects of research conducted with human beings include individual’s consent to participate in the study, ensuring the participants full understanding of the research procedures, the risks and possible outcomes of the research, researcher respect for the participant’s culture and race, and researcher fairness in the selection of research participants.
All of the research you do with human subjects must be reviewed and approved by the University Committee on Research Involving Human Subjects (UCRIHS). They have a comprehensive handbook about research conducted with human subjects. It mentions that cases of non-compliance (cases that the investigator(s) did not fulfill the requirements by the University and federal regulations protecting human subjects of research) is consider a violation of Michigan State University's Multiple Project Assurance (M-1239) and federal regulations for the protection of human subjects. These cases need to be reported to the Chair of UCRIHS immediately. The committee will investigate the information and research could possibly be suspended while more information is collected about the occurrence. The investigator(s) are invited to present a written explanation of the events that may end up constituting non-compliance, and he/she may also appear before UCRIHS. If the committee decides that non-compliance took place in the study, “UCRIHS will take appropriate action to protect the rights and welfare of human subjects”. This may include possible questioning of the investigator’s competence to conduct research with human subjects, IRB corrective actions “regarding the welfare of the subjects and the research data gathered in non-compliance”, and possible disciplinary sanctions. An investigator might present a written request asking UCRIHS to reconsider its decision.
Issues of concern to UCRIHS include:
(Taken from the Office for Human Research Participants, Institutional Review Board Guidebook, 2003)
The use of animals in research, teaching, and outreach activities is subject to state and federal laws and guidelines. University policy specifies that: